In accordance with the relevant provisions of the Law on Education and the Law on Civil Service of the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Development Concept “Azerbaijan 2020: Vision of the Future” and the "National Strategy for the Development of Education in the Republic of Azerbaijan", the main areas of activity of science are as follows:

- To participate in the formation of the state policy on the development of science;

- To implement scientific, educational and methodical leadership in scientific research agencies (scientific research institutes, centers, laboratories, etc.) belonging to all higher education institutions and including in the education system, regardless of their subordination and the form of ownership;

- To participate in the preparation and implementation of the scientific development concept, to coordinate the implementation of these concepts by higher education institutions and their scientific structures within their power and to control them.

In order to fulfill the commitments on the main areas of activity, cooperation is carried out with different ministries and organizations, Higher Attestation Commission, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (ANAS), non-governmental agencies and international organizations.

The main tasks of the organization of work in the field of science:

- To conduct the scientific-research work in higher education institutions, regardless of their subordination and the form of ownership, and to implement the unified state policy in the field of  training of the scientific-pedagogical personnel.

- To ensure the establishment of normative legal base that provides the development of science.

- To participate in the preparation and implementation of the scientific development concept, to coordinate the implementation of these concepts by higher education institutions and their scientific structures within their power and to control them.

- To participate in the preparation and implementation of state programs and projects in the field of science together with the relevant ministries and other bodies.

- To determine the main directions of development of science, to take measures to improve the quality of training of scientific personnel by taking into account modern requirements of economy, science, technology, culture and art.

The regulation of activities in the field of science is provided due to implementation of the following functions:

- To undertake analysis and to conduct monitoring in the field of science in education system

- To provide control over the conduction of scientific conferences, symposia and congresses in higher education institutions

- Listening to the scientific reports of higher education institutions

- Planning and coordination of scientific research carried out in higher education institutions

- Learning, summarizing and disseminating best practices in the field of science

- To ensure the integration of higher education institutions, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (ANAS) and manufacturing facilities.